2023-04-23 Using ChatGPT to develop a small application

#ChatGPT #AI

Using ChatGPT to develop a small application

I just used ChatGPT to rewrite my bookmarklet that summarizes webpages, and made the experiment to try to have ChatGPT write everything. I wanted to just define requirements, if possible. Here are some remarks how that went and what would have saved me some time if I had done it that way in the first place.,

I'm not quite sure whether it's possible to basically give it some requirements, give some basic instructions how to go on about writing an application, and basically have it run. There are some people who did this, I heard, but I'd assume they made quite a lot of failed experiments before that succeeded. You can try to have it pave it's own way by asking what it thinks it should do, but what comes out is often too general and suited for large applications you wouldn't want ChatGPT to write by itself. It's probably best to have a good idea how to go on writing that application, use ChatGPT to generate ideas. But im my (very simple case) it could nicely design the dialog, describe / specify the flow of user interaction, and do much of the implementation, though guided by me. But I'm quite sure it wouldn't have went particularily good if I wasn't able to read and understand the code it was generating and not have known how to develop software. :-)

  • There is always the problem that ChatGPT has a limited window of the text it's working on - if there is too much text in your conversation, it won't see all of it when generating the next response, and thus forget things you said. So you might summarize the important things in a notepad and repeat them as needed.
  • Don't hesitate to edit your prompt again and again until the outcome is right. That's probably better than having a huge dialog with many change requests. One approach is requesting some code, command ChatGPT to change it again and again until it is right, and then go back to the original request of creating that code and edit that so that the code comes out right in the first place. That's something nicely supported by the ChatGPT UI. The downside is that it's creating a kind of tree structured dialog, so that it'd be difficult to review your discussions back then, if you want to for some reason. Also, it seems to confuse ChatGPT sometimes if there are several variants of a requirement in one chat.
  • You can have it draw ascii art for examples / dialog or page structure proposals.
  • If ask it general questions what steps to perform to create the application, the responses are often very general and worth thinking about, but it's probably best to have a clear idea how to go on about the development yourself, especially if it's for a quick proof of concept.
  • That's rather obvious, but trying to have it generate CSS seems not sensible at the moment, as the interface is text only and the means of visual feedback aren't there yet. Still, after a few tries and hand-editing the suggested HTML to what I thought it should be, it was OK.

It's good to clear guidelines for the programming style, as e.g. in Javascript are various ways to do things. Some crucial things that worked for me here were:

Let's get to the coding phase. I'd like a proof of concept style application - works fine, but as little code as possible. But I want nicely readable and maintaineable code. Since this runs in the same browser window as the underlying page, I don't want to use any external frameworks like jQuery or any CSS frameworks - just plain Javascript and CSS / HTML. The name of the application is ChatGPTBookmarklet . Files should have the name prefix ChatGPTBookmarklet, global variables (if necessary) should have the prefix hpsChatGPT .

Please structure it so that the javascript file creates an object in normal javascript object notation that is saved globally in window.hpsChatGPTBookmarklet and thus can easily be called later. The methods should be declared as attributes of that object in object notation - e.g. { init: function (basePath) {...} , openDialog: function () {...} } . Use variable name basePath instead of PATH_TO_APPLICATION . The Javascript object can be used to save variables that are needed later, e.g. basePath, the buttons, the divs etc. Mind that the bookmarklet can be called several times, and if it is called again it should again open the dialog (which could be still there but hidden). Please use fetch , possibly async functions to load things, instead of XmlHttpRequest.

That deserves some finetuning, of course, but it'll do for now.

Well: all in all, it more or less worked, though I think I would have been much faster to just ask ChatGPT about certain things I'm not sure about, and it was hard to resist not taking over myself and fill the gaps. :-) If you like to have a look at the result: here is the source code and the transcript of that coding session. It is actually useable, though not very nice and looks not exactly professional, and there are various things to improve, e.g. that the CSS of the visited page changes the dialog, and the API key is saved per website.

It's been an educating try, anyway. Perhaps it would be worth gathering all the instructions I needed to give together and feed that to CognoSys or Auto-GPT... But not today. :-)

UPDATE: of course, there is now the more grown up rewritten sibling ChatGPT Bookmarklet on my ChatGPT tools site which I regularily use for TLDR type of stuff, and thus fix and extend. Of course, you are very welcome to use it and nag me if something doesn't work, or praise me as well. :-) That was also developed heavily with ChatGPT / Github Copilot, but that's a story still waiting to be told. But the bookmarklet discussed here was a very good start I could draw from.